How To Start Composting Kitchen Scraps
Composting is the single most important addition you can give to your garden. At-home composting food scraps is one of the essential features of home composting. Food scrap items, like vegetable and fruit waste, meal leftovers, coffee, tea bags, bread, grains, and general refrigerator spoilage, are everyday events. Reusing these food scraps to make your kitchen compost is an economical and simple solution with several advantages.
It supports your community’s environment, helps reduce greenhouse gases, and your plants will like it for its rich nutrients. In a study on household composting efficiency, experts had a series of households compost for a year and followed the waste they avoided. They found composting saved 277 pounds of waste per person per year on average. The research results show that organic waste placed in the garbage was reduced by more than 70 to 80 percent.
Compost increases the water maintenance and drainage of the soil, and it helps keep weeds down and adds nutrients to the garden. If you are a beginner to composting, you may wonder how to compost food scraps. There are various ways to begin kitchen waste composting, like start saving scraps.
That’s a simple way to add nutrient-rich humus to your garden, increasing plant growth and restoring vitality to drained soil. It’s also easy and free to make the right environment.
You can make kitchen waste composting as straightforward or as complex as you want. Composting needs warm temperatures (160 degrees Fahrenheit or 71-degree centigrade), moderate moisture, and space to turn the mass. Piles on the ground or mixing into garden beds yield a more robust and chunkier compost, whereas the results are more refined with multiple bins or rotating tumblers.
Use a blender to help speed up the decomposition of food scraps; it is easy to apply. A blender breaks down a waste substance into a slurry, adding to a larger garden bin or outdoor tumbler for a faster decay rate. A compost tumbler makes a great option if you don’t have a backyard or permanent outdoor bin system. Small and compact sizes are a handy option for small spaces like balconies. Avoid blending anything that might cause damage, like avocado or fruit pits, a way to save your blender blades from any damage.
The simplest way to collect kitchen waste is with a countertop container. There are many suitable materials for countertop containers like ceramics, BPA-free plastics, or stainless steel. Most kitchen scraps contain a lot of moisture, so wood products should be avoided. Just find a tight-fitting lid container that will fit your countertop, and then you can add your everyday food scraps. You have to empty these piles regularly into a larger outdoor bin if you want to use the hummus yourself. Odors shouldn’t be an issue if these piles are emptied daily. Be sure to use a container with a snug-fitting lid if your fruit and vegetable leavings will sit on the counter for a few days. You’ll also want a strong handle to carry it outdoors, and it needs to be washable as well.
People who want to reduce their food waste without composting for the garden can pop their food scraps into the freezer until garbage collection day. In this way, your countertop remains clear, and the leftovers are out of sight. You can also use a biodegradable trash bag to make it even more comfortable, going right into the freezer’s pickup bin. You can also use those scraps to make vegetable stock before draining and add them to your frozen collection bag.
A worm farm offers some serious humus production if you want to enjoy a regular supply of compost. With this practice, earthworms eat up food scraps and then return them in nutrient-dense worm castings, also known as vermiculture. Worms also aerate the soil as they dine and dig. Adding them to your food scraps replicates and stimulates what happens in your outdoor bin, but in a controlled environment. Worms can handle temperatures ranging from 60-85°F for the best productivity. You’ll have a steady supply of humus once started. A worm farm kit takes up little space; you can set them in the basement, or the enclosed porch is usually good.
If you don’t want to use a worm bit, add food scraps and other waste to a freezer container. The substance will freeze before it decays and ensure your kitchen humus stays mess and bug-free. When the box is full, you can dump it at a community composting facility.
You should know that not all food waste is created equal. To avoid problems popping up in your compost bin or pile, here’s a list of home food waste you can compost:
- All vegetable and fruit wastes.
- Fruit or vegetable pulp from the juice.
- Waste of coffee and tea bags.
- Waste of anything made of flour like-old bread, cookies, donuts, pizza crust, crackers, noodles.
- Waste of cooked or uncooked grains like rice, barley, etc.
- Outdated or expired boxed foods.
- Old spices
- Waste of corn cobs (it breaks down very slowly) and husks.
Composting kitchen waste with a backyard
- Identify composting spot- Composting can be done at many places extending from your kitchen, terrace or roof, balcony, or sink. But the best place to start composting is outdoors; you can even begin the process of composting inside your home, but we would suggest you go outdoors.
- Separate your waste- Start separating your kitchen waste like vegetable and fruit peels, small amounts of wasted cooked food in one container. Then, fill another box with dry waste like dried leaves, packaging material, sawdust, newspaper chunks, etc. Then close both containers to avoid infiltration of flies, bugs, and worms.
- Construct the composting bin- First, select a container or a box or anything, like a bucket to an ordinary dustbin or a garden pot. After finding a container, drill around 4 to 5 holes around the container at different levels to easily let some air. Place a newspaper or tray underneath your box to avoid any spills. At last, layer the bottom of your container with soil.
- Start the composting process: To maintain the wet and dry waste balance, add damp and food waste at alternate bin levels. For instance, if you combine one cup of food waste regardless of vegetables or fruits, add one cup of dry wastes like dry leaves, sawdust, or newspaper scrap. Once every week, do not forget to add soil. You can add semi composted soil to your compost to fasten the process.
Composting kitchen waste in apartments-
- If you live in an apartment or your backyard isn’t ready for all the turning and composting, a worm composter is worth considering.
- If you don’t have a yard, you may have trouble collecting enough organic stuff to make a decent compost stack; this creates a worm bin the excellent solution.
- Even if you don’t live in a small apartment, a worm bin might be the most useful thing you can own for processing your kitchen waste.
- The fantastic thing about the worm bin is that you will end up with nutrient-rich worm castings as what comes out the back is more nutrient-rich than what goes in front.
- Plus, these systems are entirely odorless. All you have to do is feed the worms your waste, preferably chopped up in a blender, and also the process can be done all year round, even in the winter.
Composting kitchen waste is an easy way to start living more sustainably by cutting down on the amount of garbage your home produces. Making compost is a fundamental process. Food waste currently makes up something like 20% to 30% of everything we throw away, and it turns into stinking, methane-producing mayhem if it goes to landfills.